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This activity provides a multitude of learning opportunities. Children can connect the bricks in alphabetical order or connect letters to spell words.They are also working on leter recognition, the shape and position of the brick is also imporant and immediately encourages them to consider which letters are ascenders (eg d,b,t) and which letters are descenders (eg y,g,j). The fine motor skills surrounding this style of activity are invaluable. There also provides a great opportunity to notice the allograph (shape of each letter). 

Duplo letters

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Word smash

Writing some high frequency words and adding a small ball of playdough  to each word makes this a super fun reading and word recognition activity. You can call out a word, children can find the word and smash the piece of playdough. A gerat gross motor destructive literacy activity!

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Car park

Can children park the correct tricky word car into the correct parking space? A brilliant high frequency word activity.

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Pirates say 'Ar'

To explore the 'ar' digraph from phase 3, why not add some 'ar' word coins to a tray of pirate treasure! A digraph is two letters that combined together correspond to one sound (phoneme). You culd extend this activity by writing some simple sentences with the ar words uncovered in the treasure.


To explore the 'ow' digraph in a fun and memorable way, write some 'ow' words on plasters. The 'ow' sound is the ''hurty'' sound. A brilliantly memorable way to embed this digraph.

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'Ee' digraph fun! Looking at the 'ee' digraph from phase 3, you can have some fun printing some painted digraphs to create words. Using a staple or glue gun, place two toilet rolls next to one another and fold them to create the two ee shape. Then dip the toilet rolls into a tray of paint and print onto words. Have fun reading the words you create!

'Ow' sound

'Ee' sound

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A fun activity for children learning to listen to initial phonemes (sounds) and recognise the corresponding grapheme (letter). Can they match the image to the initial sound to create flowers? This is a fun and simple matching activity exploring some of those initial sounds.

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Write some letters of the alphabet on a shallow tray using a board mark pen. Then add some stick back plastic over the top to stop the letters washing away. Pour some water mixed with black food dye into the tray until all letters are concealed. Using a glass with a flat bottom, move it around the tray and hunt for letters. As the bottom of the glass presses on a letter, the black water is moved away and through the glass the letter is exposed!

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Sight word stamps

This is an easy way to create your own sight word stamps. Stick some letters (backwards) to a craft stick. Children can paint each letter and stamp away! A fun way to practice those sight words.

Flower sounds

Magic 8 ball

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Pop it

Push the phoneme activity with a fidget popit toy. Push the phoneme is a great way to encourage phonemic awareness in a fun and active way. Phonemic awareness is the ability to notice, think about and work with the individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. There are 44 phonemes in total. 

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Reveal the corresponding upper case letter by using a pipette to add some water to the tray. Fold some kitchen towel over, writing the lower case letter on top and concealing the upper case letter underneath. Secure to the tray with double sided tape. Let children use a pipette to drop water onto each piece of kitchen towel to magically reveal the concealed letter underneath.

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An easy way to create tricky word scratch cards. Can you scratch the sticker to reveal the tricky word? Packs of scratch card stickers are available via my resources store. 

Letter reveal

Scratch cards


An easy fun set up to support letter recognition. Teaming a gross motor activity, crossing the midline, hand eye coordination and phonics fun. This can be a great one for ordering letters in children's names.

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The queen always needs her umberella for the 'qu' digraph from phase 3. So using images of the queen and cocktail umbrellas to place next to her is a fun way to remmber how these two letters go together when working on this digraph!

A digraph is a combination of two letters that make one sound ( a phoneme).A digraph can be made up of vowels and consonants.

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Creating letters wands like these using craft sticks and wooden lowercase letters can be used in a variety of ways. Heading off on a letter hunt around the home, place wands together to create words, using them to find a missing letter in a word or to match letters to objects around the home.

Letter wands

Phonics smash

'Qu' sound

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This is one of my favourite home learning literacy activities. Write some tricky words, spellings, letters or words on pieces of paper and hide them around the home. Then sit back and enjoy a cup of tea with your walkie talkie next to you! Listen as your child finds and reads each word to you over the walkie talkie! A fun and engaging activity to encourage reading whilst you get to put your feet up!

Walkie talkie phonics

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This is a great fine motor activity to practice tricky words. This could easily be adapted for common exception words, CVC words, matching numbers and letters etc. Simply write the word on the craft stick using a sharpie and then write the corresponding letters onto some small pegs. Children can find the correct letter pegs to spell out the word written on the craft stick.


A fun and interactive 'see and write' activity to learn sight words. Great for letter recognition, keyboard navigation, sight word recognition and spelling practice. Sight words are the words that appear most frequently in our reading and writing. They often are words that don't have a concrete image to accompany them. By eliminating the need to stop and decode sight words, readers are able to focus on words that are less familir to them and helps them read adn write more fluently. 

Peg the word

Type the word

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Mapping words

Can you add an initial sound to the word part and read the word you make? Children can choose an initial sound and move it along to each word part reading each word they create. Some will of course be real words and some won't. Memorising words can take a child on average 10-15 repetitions but mapping takes around 1-4 repetitions depending on the child. So a simple mapping activity like this at home or in the classroom can be a great tool to support reading. Mapping sight words can be so beneficial too. It is important to note that in order for a child to be able to map words they need letter recognition and phonemic awareness.

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Read it, build it, write it

Spelling fun! This is a read it, build it, write it activity specifically designed to support wit the spelling of words. The shape and boxing of the word cards really supports a spelling activity as it encourages children to consider which letters are ascenders (eg, d,b,t) and which are descenders (eg y,g,j). The shape and position of the brick is important as this mirrors the word card shapes. The fine motor skills surrounding this activity are invaluable and finally, noticing the allograph (shape of each letter) can help commit the spelling of the word to the long term memory.


Phonics catch

Catch the balloon and read the words written on the balloon. Fun phonics and great for gross motor and hand eye coordination too. Using the oo digraph for this activity can help cement the sound of 'oo' in the word balloon.